Wood is a structural material as natural as the reason of mankind's existence and life.
Wood is a natural structural material and hence it is environmentally friendly, recyclable material that does not cause environmental pollution in terms of material production and application, and it is the safest material for human health.
It is reported that people living in wooden structures feel physiologically and psychologically healthier, and they encounter health problems when they have to live in concrete buildings. Wood breaths with us and has positive effect on rheumatism, kidney problems and circulation disorders. On the contrary, concrete continuously releases radon gas, making a toxic effect on our system.
Primary hygiene requirement for decorative wooden flooring is “floor temperature” or “floor furnishing temperature”. It is reported that people feel comfort and peace when the floor temperature is between 25C to 30C.
Wood can be used to build a complete structure from foundation to roof or can be used for artistic and decorative purposes. Wooden structures can be disassembled and reassembled, and its components within a system can be replaced. Just like steel structures, wooden structures also enable disassembling and reassembling of structures with minimal loss. Prevention of possible losses during disassembly depends on consideration of this aspect in design stage. Concrete structures are not for disassembly and reassembly but for destruction. Additionally, wooden systems are suitable for repair, reinforcement, plan and volume modifications.
Wood ensures a high level of thermal insulation after necessary treatments. Thermal insulation value of 1 cm of wood equals to the insulation value of 16 cm concrete.
Wood is a material resistant against various climate conditions. Wood reinforced with special substances demonstrates a strong resistance against all damages. Wood is a flexible structural element resistant against shocks and absorbs vibrations, thus it is resistant against earthquakes. In addition to earthquake resistance, its lightweight minimizes post-earthquake casualties even if the structure is damaged.
Wood is a very lightweight material. Hence, the load on structural bearings and foundation is reduced. Its lightweight and resistance against shrinking and bending enable its use in wide spaces. It is used in making columns, beams and walls, bond and floor beams, outbuildings and eaves. Concrete is 5 times heavier, and steel is 13 times heavier than wood. Therefore, earthquake casualties generally occur from the weight of concrete while casualty risk is minimum with wooden houses.
Wooden material absorbs the sound and prevents echoing. It is therefore suitable to coat ceiling, floor and walls of meeting rooms, classrooms, halls and laboratories to ensure clearly hearing of the voices without humming noise.
There is no other natural material that offers aesthetic opportunities like wooden decoration does. Aesthetic effect of wooden decoration gives the coziness and warmth of a naturally growing raw material, hence a feeling of relaxation.
It requires less energy than other structural materials both in production and construction stages. Also in the subsequent stage, less energy consumption is required for heating of a wooden house.